Friday, February 25, 2011

Amaran # 3: Luka Di Dalam Mulut yang Lambat Sembuh

Ramai orang menggetap gigi sebagai satu habit kerana gugup. Sesetengahnya pula kadangkala tergigit gusi dengan tidak sengaja lalu menyebabkan luka. Walau bagaimanapun, sekiranya luka terbuka di dalam mulut ini tidak hilang dalam masa seminggu atau dua, segeralah berjumpa doktor gigi atau doktor. “Kita seringkali mencederakan tisu mulut kita, tetapi sekiranya kawasan tersebut berterusan menjadi putih atau merah daripada merah jambu seperti kebiasaanya, ia hendaklah diperiksa untuk kebarangkalian kanser mulut” kata Susan Hyde, Professor Bersekutu Klinik Pergigian di Universiti California, San Francisco, Fakulti Pergigian.

Lebih daripada 21,000 lelaki dan 9,000 wanita setahun telah didiagnosiskan dengan kanser mulut, menurut Institut Kanser Kebangsaan. Kebanyakkan berumur lebih 60 tahun. Kadar pulih daripada kanser mulut hanyalah 35 peratus, kata Lacopino, walau bagaimanapun ini kerana rata-rata kes dikesan terlalu lewat. Perokok berisiko enam kali untuk menghidap kanser mulut, tetapi satu daripada empat kes kanser mulut dihidapi mereka yang bukan perokok.

Apa yang perlu diperhatikan: Ulser mulut yang meragukan boleh menyebabkan kesakitan dan selalunya terdapat kawasan merah atau putih atau keduanya. Ia mungkin tersembunyi di bawah lidah, yang mana sukar untuk dilihat. Berdarah dan rasa kebas adalah antara tanda-tandanya, tetapi kadangkala kesakitan yang berpanjangan merupakan satu-satunya tanda. Biopsi selalunya akan diikuti dengan pemeriksaan secara visual.


Artikel Asal
Dental warning #3: Sores that won't go away
Many people bite the insides of their mouth as a nervous habit. Others sometimes bite the gum accidentally, creating a sore. But when an open sore in the mouth doesn't go away within a week or two, it always warrants showing to a dentist or doctor. "We all injure our oral tissues, but if an area persists in being white or red rather than the normal healthy pink, this needs to be evaluated to rule out oral cancer," says Susan Hyde, an associate professor of clinical dentistry at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Dentistry.

More than 21,000 men and 9,000 women a year are diagnosed with oral cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute. Most are over age 60. Oral cancer has a survival rate of only 35 percent, Iacopino says, but this is mainly because cases are often detected too late. Smokers are six times more likely to develop oral cancer, but one in four oral cancers develop in non-smokers.

What else to look for: Suspicious oral ulcers tend to be raised sores and often have red or white (or red and white) borders. They may lurk underneath the tongue, where they're hard to see. Bleeding and numbness are other signs, but sometimes the only sign is a sore that doesn't seem to go away. A biopsy usually follows a visual check.

Sumber: http://www.caring.com/articles/7-things-teeth-say-about-health?utm_medium=partner&utm_source=yahoo

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Dari Ibnu Abbas Radiallahu-Anhuma dari Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam bersabda : Dua nikmat yang kebanyakan manusia terpedaya dengannya ialah waktu sehat dan masa lapang. (Riwayat Al-Imam Al-Bukhari).

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